Aubusson Tapestry: On UNESCO’s world heritage list
Aubusson tapestry is a local tradition, a fine art and a luxurious product. It is the result of five centuries of history and skills in southern Creuse. It is renewed today with contemporary creations.
In Aubusson, weavers use horizontal looms or “basse lisse” looms : this technique involves weaving on the rear side of the tapestry-in-the-making.
Weavers are artistic tradesmen/women whose task is to carry out projects thought up by artists. A great amount of skill is required . Jean Cocteau used to refer to weavers as “harpists”, juggling between the art of “textile translation” and the art of colours.
Many famous artists came to work in Aubusson : Dom Robert, Braque, Picasso, Le Corbusier, Léger, Cocteau, Lurçat, Vasarely, Kandinsky, Caldre, Dufy, Toffoli, Folon, the Delaunays, Garouste, Castelbajac, Zadkine, Pifarretti, Sarkis, Mosset, Stella, Bertrand Clément, Opalka… to name a few.
The brand new Cité de la Tapisserie: International Tapestry Centre
The City of Tapestry opened in 2016. It greatly contributes to the revival of Aubusson tapestry. Various Aubusson productions are exhibited here. The venue, which is also a wonderful workplace for young artists, is located in Aubusson's old Decorative Arts School.